♪ You’re the sunflower ♪ Narrator: This was the biggest song on 2019’s biggest album. “Sunflower” is technically
a Post Malone song, but it gets some of its hookiest parts from featured artist Swae Lee. Specifically his trademark falsetto. ♪ Some things you just can’t refuse ♪ “Sunflower” had a historically long stay on the top 10 of the hip-hop/R&B charts, outlasting the record set by The Weeknd’s 2015 single “The Hills.” If you look at these two songs, you start to notice a trend. Men singing super, super high. Here’s the thing, though. This isn’t a trend at all. Falsetto’s been sought after in music since the Byzantine Empire, when the church would castrate choirboys to preserve the high
pitch of their voices. While the castration practice luckily ended in the 1800s, falsetto is still a
mainstay in music today. Turns out, there’s a good reason we love those high notes. It’s in our DNA. We’re hardwired to have a strong response to falsetto in music because of the way our
brains process pitch and because of the unique relationship between falsetto and emotion. Justin Stoney: Falsetto is very equivalent to the female headvoice. It’s all about controlling
teeny, tiny muscles that are all inside your larynx. When we’re in chest voice, vocal chords are making a thick and muscular kind of contact. That’s a [sings low-pitched note] kind of vibration. Narrator: When you go
into falsetto, though, the vocal chords stretch out and move apart from each other so that only their edges are vibrating. Justin: So, we move from this kind of [sings low-pitched note] vibration to a [sings high-pitched note] lighter, thinner aspect
of their vibration. Narrator: In this stretched-out position, your vocal chords are like the thin strings on a guitar. They can vibrate faster and therefore produce higher notes. So when you shift from your chest voice into falsetto, you can have this huge leap in pitch. That kind of dramatic pitch change has a big effect on us listeners. As humans, we primarily
identify each pitch, or musical note, that we hear through its relation to other pitches, like the ones that came before it. This ability is called relative pitch. Since relative pitch is intrinsic to how we perceive not just music but dialogue and complex surroundings, it makes sense that
large leaps in frequency really command our attention. Bach, the famous composer, used this to his advantage. He included rapid pitch fluctuations in key moments of his compositions to make certain flute notes pop out to the audience. Pop singers do the same thing, but with their vocal melodies. Notice that you rarely hear an entire pop song done in falsetto. Artists usually reserve
their highest registers for the big moments of the track. Like the hook: ♪ You just want attention ♪ ♪ You don’t want my heart ♪ Narrator: Or an
emotionally climactic line: ♪ Cause I give you all ♪ ♪ of me ♪ Narrator: In this, and
so many other hits… ♪ ‘Cause I been thinking ’bout forever ♪ ♪ Ooh ♪ Narrator: Falsetto is
used to shine a spotlight on a particular moment or verse, basically telling the
listener, “This is important.” This works thanks in part to a little adrenaline rush in the listener. According to the music cognitive
psychologist David Huron, when you hear high-pitched,
loud singing… ♪ Ahh ♪ Narrator: Your brain
releases excitatory hormones that increase your arousal state and make you more attentive. So falsetto gets your attention. But that’s not the only
way it affects you. It also ignites your emotion. Take one of our most emotional times, in the middle of a good ugly cry. When you’re sobbing, your voice tends to shift up into a kind of unstable falsetto. This association carries over into music. It’s no wonder, then, that falsetto speech tends to be identified with intense, raw, gut emotions. Depending on the delivery, falsetto can sound shaky or vulnerable: ♪ Don’t leave me high ♪ Narrator: Paranoid: ♪ Before we see it ♪ ♪ You take it ♪ Narrator: Or desperate and pleading: ♪ The nights are long ♪ ♪ and lonely and ♪ Narrator: We’re biologically primed to identify it with real, raw, gut emotion. ♪ Staying alive ♪ Narrator: At this point,
you might be wondering: Why are the most well-known
falsettists all men? After all, women can just as easily sing in this register. Justin: A big reason is because we’re used to hearing men in particular speak in chest voice. So if you hear a man sort of speaking to you in this voice and then [switches to high pitch]
suddenly speaking in this voice, it seems like quite a big contrast, and contrast is so huge in pop music. Narrator: So it’s all about getting that striking vocal contrast. The more dramatic it is, the more we pay attention, and the more we might respond emotionally. Makes sense that today’s
most popular music genre is reinventing falsetto by really pushing that contrast. That genre, of course, is hip-hop. ♪ The truth ♪ ♪ Cold like Minnesota,
cold like Minnesota ♪ Justin: When you’ve got
lyrics in rap going on that are feeling really tough and really grounded, and then you have a chorus that’s really airy and light and sweet, it’s, again, that wonderful contrast. Narrator: The prevalence of airy falsettos in songs alongside hard-edge raps… ♪ Don’t wait to jump in too long ♪ Narrator: Shows just how versatile this vocal style really is. It’s impossible to predict how falsetto might be reinvented in the next decade of pop. But one thing is clear: It’s probably not going anywhere. ♪ I’ll be gone ♪ ♪ In a day or ♪ ♪ Two ♪
Jeff Trachta is one of the most
sought-after Impressionists in the world today yes back thank you one of the one
of these Hampton guys in the pub for the top impressionist in the world
Jeff tractor Jeff factory buddy with an array of more than 100 spot-on
impressions Jeff based tribute to over 50 years of music comedy and pop culture the Las Vegas review-journal Hales Jeff
traca as the world’s next great impressionist but Trachta adds a new
twist state-of-the-art multimedia and cutting
edge effects allow Jeff to accompany himself in musical numbers every boy
should hear birdie and Lee show is a hit with both audiences and critics robin
Leach calls jeff dazzling uncanny impressions the Los Angeles Times raves
Trachta is hilarious he is superb and audiences just love him operative word
here is amazing amazing great show it’s incredible I’ve seen incredible his
voice is out of this world he has a high pitch and a low pitch he can do it all I’m speechless he is so incredibly
talented unbelievable Jeff even gets retro with a new take on classic TV rise like the swing and it made now again my boy is there any viagra on
this gun for shaking either mr. Douglas welcome to the Hooterville Starbucks
it was the cup I got a date with the Kardashian sisters and all shit keeps
messing with my freaking hair and last but not least my mother who said these
immortal words darling stop at the voices it’s bad for your throat and if over 100 voices listen enough
Jeff does musical instruments to every sound in party rock anthem’ using only
his mouth and Las Vegas magazine says Trachta is a comic genius
guaranteed to bring the house down right on Andreea Bocelli at the
everything he was so powerful in
Let’s have fun with
the sounds in Top Wing. What if all the cadets
made animal sounds? Like if Rod sounded like a chicken. Goodnight, cadets. Goodnight, Team Top Wing. Goodnight, Rod. [clucking] [music playing] [clucking] [clucking] [crowing] What if Swift sounded like a duck? Swift, the monkeys are headed
toward the top of Jungle Hill. [quacking] Roger that, I’ll do what I can. Who wants some of my kelp shake? [quacking] What if Penny sounded like a puppy? [barking] [slurping] [chirping] [barking] – Cheep!
– Chirp! [barking] [barking] [barking] [barking] What if Brody sounded like an elephant? [barking] [trumpeting] Sounds like Brody. [trumpeting] [trumpeting] [clucking] [music playing] [trumpeting] [trumpeting] [trumpeting] Brody, what are you doing here matey? [trumpeting] What if Cheep and Chirp sounded
like a horse and a kitten? [meowing and neighing] Hi, you guys are cute. What are your names? [meowing and neighing] OK, OK, but what does everyone call you? [meowing and neighing] Oh, I get it. Your names are Cheep and Chirp. [meowing and neighing] Nice to meet you, Chirp.
And you too, Cheep/ Hey, do you like sunflower seeds? [meowing and neighing] Now let’s put them all together. [trumpeting] [barking] [clucking] [music playing] [quacking] [trumpeting] Hi, Swift.
Nice to see you again. So, who wants sunflower seeds? [clucking] [quacking] [barking] [clucking] [laughing] [barking] [barking] [clucking] [trumpeting] [quacking] What was your favorite animal sound? You can ask your parents to subscribe
to the Nick Jr. YouTube channel for new videos every day. And find more of your
favorite shows on TV on Nickelodeon and the Nick Jr. channel.
– So don’t you just love a hot
cup of coffee in the morning? I literally look forward to waking up just because of coffee. Maybe a little java pick me
up in the afternoon as well. Yup, I have a lot of jobs. Even a little after dinner, I like caffeine, you see where I’m going? But why stop there? I found out you can actually
bake with coffee too and I’m very excited. Here to show us how to
take our love of coffee to the next level is cookbook
author, Danielle Kartes. Come on y’all, give it up for her. (audience cheering) – Thank you so much. – What are we making today Danielle? – You guys we are making an old-fashioned
buttermilk chocolate cake. Is it so good and so easy, and we are topping it with a malted cream cheese chocolate frosting. – [Kelly] I love my job. – You might as well just rub it on my– rub it right there.
– Just paste it right there. – That’s exactly where that’s gonna go. – That’s where we want
it to go, but first thing I want you to do–
– What’s first? – We’re gonna get into teams.
– Okay. – Rubbing on thighs. I want you to get in here. Do you wanna be the dumper or the stirrer? – You be the dumper I’ll be the stirrer.
– You be the dumper, you be the stirrer, okay. Okay, perfect.
– I’ll be the stirrer you be the dumper.
– Follow my lead. This is very technical, it’s not. It’s not technical at all–
(chatting drowns out speaker) What to dump when. The first thing we’re gonna do, so what I’ve got you started with is already you have your flour and your sugar and your baking soda, your baking powder and your salt. So I did that all for you guys. So what I want you to do is start to stir. Oh no, we’re not doing that one first. We’re gonna do our cocoa powder first, so get that in there you guys. – [Kelly] Get that cocoa powder. – [Steven] Whole thing? – Get your little whisk.
– Got my cocoa powder. – Start to mix ’em up.
– Got my cocoa powder. – Next–
(drowned out by Tichina) Here comes your eggs. Give it a beat.
– Eggs! – Give it a beat–
(drowned out by singing) – I love eggs! (audience clapping) – And then here comes your buttermilk. – Give me buttermilk.
– That’s delicious and tangy. And then here comes–
– Buttermilk! (all singing) – [Steven] Stir it up good! – And here comes you vanilla extract. Put your vanilla in there, put your vanilla in. – This is a very pliable whisk. – Oh here, you wanna stop? Do this one. – No I was just like, “It’s very pliable.” (all chatting) – And then next comes the– See yeah, get in there, stir it up.
– I get in there, girl. I like baking. – You can’t mess this up. – Stir it up, stir it up. – Take it easy.
– So next comes– (all singing) Coffee, hot coffee. – Do it. – So this is like an old
Southern grandmother trick, have you ever heard of this? I mean you’re from Texas, have
you ever heard of coffee– – I had no grandparents. – That’s okay, I totally get it. But you know, you just hear
about it on the internet. Okay, so here comes–
– On the internet. – [Danielle] On the
internet, you know Texas– – [Kelly] That information super highway. – Where everybody gets their education. Okay, so here let me get in here. Now we’re gonna pretend by
the powers of television that the cake is all perfect– – Oh my gosh! It’s amazing!
(audience cheering) So stir it in there, pour it in that.
– Dump it in, dump it in. – Now we’re going to do our frosting. You guys, this is the best part. – So you pour it in the pan. – Yeah, pour it in the pan. And if you’re not pouring
it in the pan, who cares? You’re fine, we’re just
gonna move onto frosting. – [Kelly] Let’s move onto
frosting, ’cause I love frosting. – I know, here. Here’s our offset spatula. – So we gave away these Oxo coffee makers during the holidays and people loved them. Is this what you used for the coffee? – Oh totally, it’s delicious.
– Okay. – And it’s super easy and simple to use. So here, you wanna put on your– Yes, look at this. And this is a homemade cake, you want it to feel like undone and messy. There are no rules, that’s
what the book is all about. I dedicated it to moms,
because sometimes we feel like “Oh my gosh am I
doing a good enough job” and we’re doing a good enough job. You know what I mean?
– Yeah. – So give ’em more cake. – I kinda feel like I’m
doing an awesome job. – You’re doing a good enough job. – Tell that to my daughter. – Okay wait, and then we do the side. There we go.
– Do the sides. – See I’m into the decoration. I like the decoration.
– Okay! Now, let’s get into the chocolate part. – I totally messed up as well.
– Here comes all of the chocolate. – This is not good. – No, it’s beautiful! Oh, just do this, now stop. Food stylist trick. – I’m baking a cake! (audience laughing) – So then we just decorate? – Then you just decorate. Look at this. It’s so beautiful. – I love decorating.
– Oh my gosh, you guys, look. – I love decorating like this when somebody else is picking it up. – See, okay. And then on goes your
chocolate in little piles. (audience cheering) – [Kelly] Oh my gosh, woo! – [Danielle] I put a little
bit in the middle for you. We are–
– We are eating your cake. Taste your cake. I feel like I nailed it. – You did nail it. – Lord, please don’t let me gain weight. – You just worked out. – You know what I say, if I’m gonna gain weight,
just make it worth it. – Make it worth it. – Make it worth it. That is so good.
– Isn’t that good? That frosting– – I mean that is really good.
– You’re making worth it and then work it. – [Kelly] And then work it. – You gotta work that weight. – I can’t dance. I’m like, “Here it goes.” – Everyone can dance, everybody
has just different rhythm. – My rhythm is like back behind two steps and I’m like this. – You’re like the Willie
Nelson of dance moves. – Yeah, give me a glass of wine. Blame it on the wine.
– Blame it on the wine. – I baked a cake! – [Kelly] I baked a cake!