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Bossa Nova Rhythm Part 1

May 10, 2019



the subject of this tutorial is bossa nova' rhythms and if you're a rhythm guitar player you should be able to play a lot of different styles a lot of people when they first pick up an acoustic guitar they learn to strum and learn to play their basic chords but sometimes maybe you're sitting in with a band or playing a wedding reception or something and somebody calls a jazz standard or something in a bossa nova or Samba style and you're just lost as far as rhythms are concerned so this is going to give you an introduction into that style bossa nova is a style that comes from Brazil and it's based on sort of a rhythm that centers around the first beat of the measure a lot of times in rock music we're used to things really centering around two and four but bossa nova rhythms really focuses on one and this is a style that sort of came about in the late 50s early 60s it was really only huge for about six years but it's worked its way into some jazz standards that you've probably heard and so the underlying rhythms many people believe comes from klav a style which is sort of based on African drumming patterns and so it's a style of music that has a lot of different origins and goes back quite a ways so let's start out by just looking at some typical jazz chords that we would need to know to play this kind of style and then we'll actually look at the right hand pattern you'll notice that I'm playing on a nylon string which would be pretty typical for this style however you could feel free to play it on a steel string and a lot of cases if it's just a song that somebody calls out you play whatever you have handy but generally would be played on a nylon string so we're going to play this over some jazz changes and so I just want to walk through these chords now most nylon string guitars don't have fret markings so I'll try to do my best to outline where my fingers are as we go through these the first core that we're going to look at is a D minor 9 chord and you could really just think of this as an extension of a D minor 7 which is by accord that a lot of people have played a couple different ways to play that we're playing in a and more of a jazz style here's a very typical chord voicing and so a D minor 9 is sort of used in place of a D minor seven you may even see on a chart D minor 7 and you can use this chord in place of it so we've got the 2nd finger on the fifth fret of the fifth string then I'm using the first finger on the third fret of the fourth string third finger on the fifth fret third string and fourth finger on the fifth fret of the second string we're just playing those middle four strings that gives us a D minor 9 the next core that we'll look at and you can see all these grids in the tab at the beginning of the video is AG 13 now this is sort of a substitute chord for a g7 or in you can think of it as a G dominant so it's sort of been the dominant family of chords so this is a chord that can be used in place of a g7 so in this case we've got the 1st finger on the 3rd fret of the 6th string second finger on the 3rd fret of the 4th string third finger on the 4th fret of the 3rd string and fourth finger on the fifth fret of the 2nd string and so I'm playing the 6th string for 3 & 2 that gives me my G 13 next is a c6 9 chord that looks like this and this is a chord that can be used in place of a major 7 chord there's a couple different ways that people know those so in this case I've got the second finger on the 3rd fret of the fifth string the first finger on the second fret of the 4th and 3rd string and in the 3rd finger on the 3rd fret of the second string hitting those middle four strings again and this is something that's known as a 2 5 1 in jazz and you can hear what these chord voicings we've just looked at it sounds a lot more convincing to use these voicings in these extensions if we just play that as d minor 7 to g7 to C major 7 you get the idea of the tonality but when we use these voicings you can hear how it the voice leading there that just flows together much more the next chord that we'll look at is an F major nine chord and this would be once again an extension of a major seven so this would be another thing that we could do to a major seven chord in addition to that c69 in this case I'm going to go all the way up to the eighth fret my second finger will go on the eighth fret fifth string first fingers on the seventh fret fourth string third fingers eighth fret second string and fourth finger on the ninth fret third string kind of complicated when you first learn it once your hand gets used to just going down in that sequence I usually go to one three four until you just learn to put them all down at once you'll get used to that so as far as that being called a two five one let's slow down for a second and look at that basically the second chord in a harmonized major scale is a minor seven so we're thinking this is two so in this case would be like in the key of C so D minor or D minor 9 would be my 2 chord this G would be the 5 chord G is five notes past C and C would be the 1 chord so that's why that's referred to as a 2 5 1 and then this F could be thought of as the 4 chord of that key so the four chords are major and so we've got this major 7 so we've got that fingering we're plucking the middle four of that now we're going to do something called a minor two-five one and this revolves around doing it in a minor key so the first chord that we're gonna start with is a B minor seven flat five and so I'll give you the fingering for that when you use the second finger on the sixth string seventh fret the third finger on the fourth string seventh fret fourth finger on the seventh fret third string and then first finger comes back here to the sixth fret on the second string plucking the sixth fourth third and second string that's a B minor seven flat five and we could think of that as like the seventh chord out of the harmonized major scale now we're going to go to an e seven sharp nine chord and this is belongs to the family of altered dominant chords so in a minor two-five one your five chord is going to be altered and that will a lot of times have either a sharp nine flat nine sharp five flat five kind of alteration to it so in this case this court would look like this I'm going to take the second finger on the seventh fret of the fifth string first finger goes to the sixth fret of the fourth string third finger is going to get to the cent fret of the third string and fourth fingers on the eighth fret of the second string you hear how that has sort of a very tension-filled sound and so that's sort of indicative of an altered dominant sound next we're going to add something to that or change it to this would be known as a tritone substitution and this is just a way of throwing in an extra cord to keep things interesting so it's sort of an extension of this bar we're using this e seven sharp nine we're substituting in a tritone sub and this is going to be a thirteen chord we already had that G 13 so this will actually be the same voicing we're just going to take it up to the sixth fret first finger and second finger are on the sixth fret of the 6th and 4th strings third fingers on the seventh fret of the third string and fourth fingers on the eighth fret of the second string so it's gonna be my B flat 13 and to end I'm going to end on a minor chord and this will be sort of an extension of a minor chord so we're gonna play a minor 11 this will be an a minor 11 this is something we could play in place of just a regular minor 7 chord so I've got the second third and fourth fingers here on the fifth fret I'm on the sixth fourth and third string this looks a lot like that minor seven flat five except we're gonna back the first finger up one more frets that'll be on the third fret of the second that's an a-minor 11 and then in order to do a repeat to really want us to go back to that first minor chord that we were on we're going to throw in another altered dominant chord in this case it's going to be an a7 flat 13 I guess you could also call it an a7 sharp 5 somes they'll call chords different things so in this case I'll have the first finger and second finger on the fifth fret of the sixth and fourth string third finger and fourth finger on the sixth fret 3rd string and second string so there's another ultra dominant and hear how that makes me really want to go back to that first core cuz it has that tension so once you've looked back at the tab at the beginning the video and memorize those a good exercise would be just learning to change between them and getting your fingers used to it so we've got the D minor nine going to G 13 c6 9 then F major 9 going to B minor 7 flat 5 and then this e7 sharp 9 going to be flat 13 and then we have a minor 11 going to a flat I'm sorry a seven flat 13 and that gets you through the progression so you can hear how those sound very indicative of jazz music because of the extensions that we add to the chords and memorizing those voicings that we just looked at can actually give you a lot of ammunition for faking your way through a jazz song and I even not knowing a whole lot about that style will get you pretty far with these voicings so now that we've gone through those chords let's look at just a typical bossa rhythm that we could put in and Bosses a little bit different than some traditional jazz forms and that eighth notes are not swung it's a very straight up kind of feel and so there's certain songs you would use it on but you don't want to use it on every Jes song that you play on obviously but anything that has bossa in the title you can definitely use it on and you'll recognize the sound of it pretty quickly after you learn it so going over this rhythmic feel and we'll do it very slowly we're going to do a very easy form of it and then at the end of our tutorial we'll do a little bit more advanced form so starting on this D minor nine chord let's just look at the pattern that we're going to use we're going to start with our right hand fingers just plucking those four strings so I'm just assigning a finger to each string just like you would with classical guitar thumb index middle ring finger I'm just gonna pluck everything but then as I let that chord ring I'm gonna drop my fingers back down and mute the strings I'll let the bass note continue to ring but I'll cut the notes off by laying my fingers back down and then on beat two I'll pluck the chord again so I'm dropping that down and then just plug in with the fingers so that gets us through the first two beats of the of the bar then we're going to actually change up the bass notes this will sound like I've got a bass accompaniment going on I'm going to try to grab the 5th of the chord in the bass so to do that I'll take the second finger and drop it down to the 5th fret of the 6th string so this is an a note which is the 5th of that D minor 7 chord or in this case of D minor 9 and as that chord continues to ring up here I'll use my thumb on the right hand to hit that bass note and then after I hit that on the end of that beat would just be 3 I'm gonna use my fingers and pluck that chord again so basically I'd have that gets us through that d-minor 9 and then we'll just do the same thing on the G 13 and so we've got this chord form now in this case my root note is already on the sixth string so I can't really go down and grab a fifth easily so a lot of times when your root is on the fifth you'll just on the sixth string rather you'll just hit the same base note instead of changing to the fifth so those two together would look like this so that gets us through those first two chords going to the c6 9 or fretting the the chord same thing plucking the chord and then the top strings and then in this case we can grab the fifth down here with the second finger and then we're gonna have to sneak up real fast to grab the f major nine and there we can grab the fifth below it as well so in order let's go through that whole line so we'd have that's probably the hardest change in the whole thing moving on to the second line we'll grab the B minor seven flat five here once again that Basin it'll just stay the same because it's on the sixth string and then we're just gonna raise up to grab that Yi seven sharp nine and here it's a little difficult because we've got two chords in the same bar so we're just gonna have hitting the chord together muting and hitting rest of the chord and then we're gonna quickly switch to that B flat 13 now you can leave your third finger and fourth finger where they are and just change your first and second finger around to grab that B flat 13 cool thing is you hear that bass line follow the chords then go to the a minor 11 and then the a7 flat 13 and then that gets us ready to set up the D minor 9 chord once again so now I'll play that through at speed so that's our beginning rhythm for this to sort of get that syncopated feel between the bass and the chords and switching from the root to the fifth so that'd be a great start to get used to these jazz voicings and also getting that a particular bossa feel now these get a lot more complicated as we go and and bossa rhythms part two will actually start looking at how to change this up and make it even a little bit more complicated but this will get you down the road of feeling that rhythm and getting these chord changes going i'm sharon isbin and i'm about to walk you through how to play by toccata by esaias Savio in the style of this some but by out kind of mixture put the accent on the first note not but and then play out the bass so it becomes you

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23 Comments

  • Reply Allin Yapik May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    speaks too much. You should play the whole melody first and then break it down into pieces

  • Reply Alex Pandamann May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    4:05 "jaaazz"

  • Reply Fernando Saraiva May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    Muito bom… e fundamental…

  • Reply thecaveofthedead May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    Came to learn a bossa right hand rhythm. Walked away slightly confused with a bucket of $30 chords.

  • Reply Süleyman Saidov May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    if you say that is rhythm, it should be a rhythym but not a love story.

  • Reply Atria May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    Great lesson, nice and calm. thanks a lot dude

  • Reply Jean-Paul Francoeur May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    GREAT tutorial for learning basic Bossa nova! Exactly what I needed so I could jam with some jazzers!

  • Reply Byron Josafat Martinelli May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    Waiting for your part 2 bro..

  • Reply Jerome King May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    Really nice man. I play the sax, but I've shared this with Guitar friends

  • Reply Carlos R. Cordova May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    Many thanks for giving us your time that its very valuable, for free. God bless you.

  • Reply Spinning Fingers May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    Sore fingers and a numb wrist, I'm a fking noob at guitar and the sound I'm making makes me so proud. Worth itttt.

  • Reply localguy8 May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    I love the sound of chord changes so smooth n mellow wow

  • Reply Pau Pep May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    Man, you can't explain Bossa rithm to people who don't know the basic chords on guitar. Make another video for them first.

  • Reply maximilian pongratz May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    its super helpfull and thanks for sharing this!

  • Reply robinhood May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    Thanks a lot!!

  • Reply First Last May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    Dont complicate simple things. Believe me most of us don’t play b flat augmented 13 and diminished 9. We just want to learn the bossa.

  • Reply Ben Jammin’ May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    I’m in love with you dude

  • Reply guitarsurfer2010 May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    This is like a very expensive guitar lesson for free.
    Very good teacher here.

  • Reply guitarsurfer2010 May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    Think of Bm7b5 as a D minor with a B bass. it gives guitarists a lot more improvising paths.

  • Reply Anthony Jones May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    15 minute video with almost nothing about "Bossa Nova Rhythm" in it.
    Really irritating when people deliberately mis-label their videos.

  • Reply Kevin Foendoe May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    Whats the time mark for the chord chart?

  • Reply ColdWaterThrower May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    This gentleman produces such a fine tone.

  • Reply Amazon Intact May 10, 2019 at 7:40 am

    gave up half way threw, to much talking.

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